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Fast Food Joints Defend Use of “Shoe Rubber" Chemical

Fast Food Joints Defend Use of “Shoe Rubber

Buns at McDonald's and other fast food joints use a chemical found in rubber products like shoes.

Most people would probably not expect some of the same chemicals found in products like shoe leather and yoga mats to also be in their sandwiches. Food Babe blogger Vani Harirecently reported though, that Subway has been using azodicarbonamide asa dough conditioner in its US products, The Daily Meal reported recently. NBC also recently revealed that other fast food chains like McDonalds, Burger King, Wendy’s and Arby’s use the chemical in their bread products as well. After an online petition started by Hari circulated, Subway has agreed to stop using the chemical in their products, but other fast food chains have been defending their usage of the chemical.

“Food-grade azodicarbonamide is a common ingredient used for whitening and improving the texture of dough,” Burger King representatives said in a statement to The Daily Meal.”It is approved as safe by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).The substance is found in many restaurant and grocery store baked goods and is used in the baking process of several of our BURGER KING® restaurant bread products. All of our products comply with federal, state and local food safety standards and regulations.”

According to the Center for Science in the Public Interest, the chemical is carcinogenic, and the FDA should consider banning the chemical, CSPI told CNN.

McDonalds, however, has posted on its website a statement that said, "A variation of Azodicarbonamide has commercial uses and is used in the production of some foamed plastics, like exercise mats. But this shouldn't be confused with the food-grade variation of this ingredient."

9 Powerful Ways to Unclog a Drain Naturally: Best Homemade Drain Cleaners

A clogged drain is an extremely common issue that you want to resolve fast and effectively. You can find many drain cleaners on the market that are pretty powerful, however, their effectiveness usually comes at a cost: they contain strong chemicals that are potentially harmful to the environment and your family as well.

What if you want to unclog a drain naturally, in an eco-friendly way? The good news is that you don’t have to give up being green if you want to clean your drain: there are some highly effective homemade uncloggers that will do an amazing job when applied properly.

Note that while it’s true that there are many methods out there, only a few of them will deliver acceptable results. I know because I’ve tried most of them. In this article, I’ll share with you the most effective natural ways you can make your drain work again.


Lectins are an “anti-nutrient” that have received much attention due to popular media and fad diet books citing lectins as a major cause for obesity, chronic inflammation, and autoimmune diseases. They are found in all plants, but raw legumes (beans, lentils, peas, soybeans, peanuts) and whole grains like wheat contain the highest amounts of lectins. Is there truth behind these claims?

The problem with lectins

Lectins are defined as proteins that bind to carbohydrates. The same features that lectins use to defend plants in nature may cause problems during human digestion. They resist being broken down in the gut and are stable in acidic environments, features that protect lectin-containing plants in nature. [1]

When consumed, lectins in their active state can cause negative side effects. The most publicized accounts report severe reactions in people eating even small amounts of raw or undercooked kidney beans. They contain phytohaemagglutinin, a type of lectin that can cause red blood cells to clump together. It can also produce nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, and diarrhea. [2] Milder side effects include bloating and gas.

Animal and cell studies have found that active lectins can interfere with the absorption of minerals, especially calcium, iron, phosphorus, and zinc. Legumes and cereals often contain these minerals, so the concurrent presence of lectins may prevent the absorption and use of these minerals in the body. Lectins can also bind to cells lining the digestive tract. This may disrupt the breakdown and absorption of nutrients, and affect the growth and action of intestinal flora. Because lectin proteins bind to cells for long periods of time, they can potentially cause an autoimmune response and are theorized to play a role in inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes. [2,3]

These theories have fueled the profitable anti-lectin movement, spawning bestselling books and enzyme supplements to prevent lectin activity in the body. However, there is very limited research in humans on the amount of active lectins consumed in the diet and their long-term health effects. Anti-nutrients including lectins are most often studied in the diets of developing countries where malnutrition is prevalent, or where food variety is very limited and whole grains and legumes are important daily staples. [4,5]

How to reduce lectins in food

It is important to remember that eating foods with a high amount of active lectins is rare. One reason is that lectins are most potent in their raw state, and foods containing them are not typically eaten raw. Cooking, especially with wet high-heat methods like boiling or stewing, or soaking in water for several hours, can inactivate most lectins. Lectins are water-soluble and typically found on the outer surface of a food, so exposure to water removes them.

An example is dried beans. To prepare them for eating, they are soaked for several hours and then boiled for several more hours to soften the bean, which disables the action of lectins. Canned beans are cooked and packaged in liquid, so they are also low in lectins. However, raw beans simmered at low heat such as in a slow-cooker or undercooking the beans will not remove all the lectins.

The body can produce enzymes during digestion that degrades some lectins. Other processes that deactivate the compounds are sprouting grains and beans, and mechanically removing the outer hull of beans and wheat grains that contain the most lectins.

There are different types of lectins in different foods, and the reactions people have to them vary widely. It is possible that one who has an underlying digestive sensitivity, such as irritable bowel syndrome, may be more likely to experience negative symptoms from eating lectins and other anti-nutrients. Because the reported symptoms of lectin sensitivity are recognizable with physical discomfort, a reasonable solution may be to eat less of or less often the foods that cause digestive problems.

The benefits of lectin-containing foods

Lectins can act as an antioxidant, which protects cells from damage caused by free radicals. They also slow down digestion and the absorption of carbohydrates, which may prevent sharp rises in blood sugar and high insulin levels. Early research is also looking at the use of non-toxic low amounts of certain lectins to help stimulate gut cell growth in patients who are unable to eat for long periods, and in anticancer treatments due to the ability of lectins to cause cancer cell death. [2,6]

In many large population studies, lectin-containing foods like legumes, whole grains, and nuts are associated with lower rates of cardiovascular disease, weight loss, and type 2 diabetes. [7-10] These foods are rich sources of B vitamins, protein, fiber, and minerals, and healthy fats. Thus, the health benefits of consuming these foods far outweigh the potential harm of lectins in these foods.


  1. Peumans WJ, Van Damme EJ. Lectins as plant defense proteins. Plant physiology. 1995 Oct109(2):347.
  2. Vasconcelos IM, Oliveira JT. Antinutritional properties of plant lectins. Toxicon. 2004 Sep 1544(4):385-403.
  3. Freed, DLJ. Do dietary lectins cause disease? The evidence is suggestive—and raises interesting possibilities for treatment.BMJ. 1999 Apr 17 318(7190): 1023–1024.
  4. Gibson RS, Bailey KB, Gibbs M, Ferguson EL. A review of phytate, iron, zinc, and calcium concentrations in plant-based complementary foods used in low-income countries and implications for bioavailability. Food Nutr Bull. 2010 Jun31(2 Suppl):S134-46.
  5. Roos N, Sørensen JC, Sørensen H, Rasmussen SK, Briend A, Yang Z, Huffman SL. Screening for anti-nutritional compounds in complementary foods and food aid products for infants and young children. Matern Child Nutr. 2013 Jan9 Suppl 1:47-71.
  6. Liu Z, Luo Y, Zhou TT, Zhang WZ. Could plant lectins become promising anti-tumour drugs for causing autophagic cell death? Cell Prolif. 2013 Oct46(5):509-15.
  7. Raben A, Tagliabue A, Christensen NJ, Madsen J, Holst JJ, Astrup A. Resistant starch: the effect on postprandial glycemia, hormonal response, and satiety.Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Oct 160(4):544-51.
  8. Liu S, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB, et al. Whole-grain consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: results from the Nurses’ Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 199970:412-9.
  9. Aune D, Norat T, Romundstad P, Vatten LJ. Whole grain and refined grain consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. Eur J Epidemiol. 201328:845-58.
  10. de Munter JS, Hu FB, Spiegelman D, Franz M, van Dam RM. Whole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic review. PLoS Med. 20074:e261.

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The contents of this website are for educational purposes and are not intended to offer personal medical advice. You should seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. The Nutrition Source does not recommend or endorse any products.

Burn Prevention for Kitchen Workers

At 17, Cody Geurin was working the night shift at a Washington fast-food restaurant when one of the pressure cookers began to release steam early in its cycle. Before he could react, the lid burst open, spraying him with eight gallons of scalding oil. "It got my arms, face, and luckily my fry apron first," he says. "As I turned away from the spray, it doused my back. I ripped my rubber gloves off because I could feel them melting to my hands. They were a tiny ball of rubber by the time they hit the floor."

Although recent government data indicate that restaurants are generally safer than many other workplaces, stories such as these are not uncommon. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that work-related burns -- a leading cause of occupational injury -- are disproportionately high among restaurant workers.

This comes as no surprise to Peter Brigham, former president of the Burn Foundation, a nonprofit community education and support agency in Philadelphia. "The food service industry experiences the highest number of burns of any employment sector," he says, adding that cooks are at particular risk.

A recipe for accidents

Steam, oil and grease, boiling soups, hot grills and ovens, and even exposed or improperly maintained wiring and equipment can all result in workplace burn injuries. The Burn Foundation has found that such injuries tend to occur when managers don't enforce safety rules or when workers themselves are careless about safety. The potential for accidents is also greater when workers are worn out, high on drugs or alcohol, or are simply taking unnecessary risks. In this fast-paced industry, congested quarters also contribute to potential disaster employees changing oil in a fryer or rushing a tureen of hot soup down a narrow aisle may crash into each other.

Twenty-three-year-old cook Colleen Parker of Illinois learned the hard way what can happen in an overcrowded, bustling restaurant kitchen. A single moment of inattention was all it took. One of the chefs was trying hurriedly to change a large pot of boiling water that had been simmering on the stove for nearly five hours. Unfortunately for Parker, who was standing nearby, he set the pot down on a too-narrow steam table while preparing to dump its contents. The enormous pot full of scorching hot liquid slipped and scalded her mercilessly. Even though she managed to jump clear -- avoiding a catastrophe -- she suffered second- and third-degree burns on her leg.

Although many burn accidents are not as serious, the importance of prevention cannot be overstated. LeAnn Chuboff, of the National Restaurant Association, urges all restaurants to develop an effective safety plan to prevent burns and other injuries. The first step, she says, is to review the establishment's safety records and see what kind of patterns emerge. The manager should then oversee a safety audit of the entire restaurant and develop a safety policy with the input of both managers and employees. An ongoing safety committee that includes members of the kitchen crew as well as supervisors is also important, she adds.

Tips for a burn-free kitchen

The Burn Foundation recommends these tips in order to protect yourself from burns at work:

  • Wear protective gloves or mitts when handling hot pots or cooking with hot, deep-frying oil.
  • Wear non-skid shoes to prevent slipping on wet or greasy tile floors.
  • Extinguish hot oil/grease fires by sliding a lid over the top of the container.
  • Never carry or move oil containers when the oil is hot or on fire.
  • Avoid reaching over or across hot surfaces and burners use barriers, guards or enclosures to prevent contact with hot surfaces.
  • Read and follow directions for proper use of electrical appliances.
  • Keep first-aid kits readily available.
  • Make sure at least one person on each shift has first-aid training.
  • Keep fire extinguishers accessible and up to date.

Chuboff adds that it's also important to plan traffic patterns so employees carrying hot food don't collide with each other. "Keeping kitchen traffic to a minimum is key," she says.

Meanwhile, Parker and Guerin still carry some scars, both emotional and physical, from their accidents. Parker no longer works in the kitchen: As a result of her burns, she found it too difficult to wear the proper shoes for work. Her carefree days of summer frolicking have also been affected. "I really enjoy summer activities without shoes and socks, but I'm very self-conscious about the scars," she says.

After his accident, Guerin received painful skin grafts on his back, which still has a few areas of hypertrophic scarring. He's happy to report, though, that "most of it is just dark splotches all over -- it's pretty smooth." His arms also needed grafts and are now criss-crossed with thick, ugly scars. "My arms seem to itch 24 hours a day," he says, "and it's still pretty painful. My donor sites itch until they hurt." Now 19-years-old, Guerin is back in the kitchen as the lead cook in another restaurant.

National Restaurant Association's Educational Foundation The National Restaurant Association's Educational Foundation offers an educational program called AWARE: EMPLOYEE AND CUSTOMER SAFETY PROGRAM. The nine modules offered include sections on ensuring fire safety in the kitchen and preventing burns. The Educational Foundation also offers videos that promote workplace safety, which focus on how to prevent on-the-job injuries along with an interactive CD-ROM.

The Burn Foundation

Burn Survivors Online

Interview with Cody Geurin and Colleen Parker, restaurant workers

Interview with LeAnn Chuboff, manager of food safety services for the National Restaurant Association

Interview with Peter Brigham, Burn Foundation, Philadelphia

Be Aware Heat Can Burn You! safety brochure, National Restaurant Association

Chefs, Cooks, and Other Kitchen Workers, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Bureau of Labor Statistics

DO Try a Plunger on Light Clogs

If the clog is in the drainpipe, you might be able to loosen it with a standard cup plunger. Some clogs simply need an extra &ldquopush&rdquo to get moving! Make sure the sink contains a few inches of water, and block the overflow drain with a wet rag so that water doesn&rsquot leak out. Then place the rubber suction directly over the sink drain and firmly plunge up and down.

Warning: Only attempt unclogging a sink like this if you haven&rsquot already poured chemical cleaner into the sink. Otherwise, as mentioned, the hazardous material can quickly splash onto your skin while you use the tool.

4. &hellipor a pile of junk food.

&ldquoHighly processed and sugary foods are all difficult to digest,&rdquo says Dr. Patel. &ldquoAs a result, the digestion process takes longer, food remains in your system longer, and the body produces more gasses.&rdquo

Plus, junk food is usually high in fat, and sometimes the body can&rsquot break down and absorb the excess properly, says Dr. Nazareth. The fat then passes through undigested and causes smelly poop. To top it off, processed foods contain quite a few iffy chemicals and additives that can give your digestive system attitude, so best to scale back on your intake as much as possible.

25 Home Remedies To Ease Your Osteoarthritis Pain

The stiffness, pain, and joint deterioration that accompany osteoarthritis have undoubtedly stood the test of time: Researchers have found evidence of the condition in the fossilized remains of 85-million-year-old dinosaurs. And if you&rsquore one of the 70 million Americans afflicted with the painful condition, you know all too well how that dinosaur felt. Some of the osteoarthritis common in America is part of the inevitable wear and tear on your joints. As you get older, the cartilage that cushions your bones wears down over time, and stiffness and pain may result. Other factors are at work besides aging, however. Genetics seems to predispose some people to arthritis more than others. And traumatic injuries can speed up the development of arthritis.

Whatever is behind your arthritis pain, home remedies can play a significant role in reducing it, or even preventing osteoarthritis from occurring in the first place. Read on to see how these osteoarthritis treatment methods can help with the pain.

Get To Your Ideal Weight

&ldquoBeing overweight is like carrying around heavy luggage,&rdquo says Neal Barnard, MD. &ldquoIt hurts the knees, hips&mdashliterally every joint in the body. The basic rule of thumb is that every extra 10 pounds increases the risk of osteoarthritis in the knees by 30%.&rdquo Another way to look at it, explains Kevin Stone, MD, is that it&rsquos not just extra weight, but also extra pressure. &ldquoWhatever your body weight is, a force of three to five times that weight is bearing down on your knee joints,&rdquo he says. However, it&rsquos more than just your knees and hips that are at risk. &ldquoIt turns out that thinner people are also less likely to develop arthritis in their hands,&rdquo says Barnard. That just gives you one more reason to keep that weight off. (Take this 30-second test to find out if your weight is healthy.)

Eat For The Long Haul

While specific foods seem to play a role in rheumatoid arthritis, the relationship is less clear when it comes to osteoarthritis. That&rsquos why the general dietary advice here is to focus on foods that will help you maintain a healthy weight. &ldquoLow-fat, high-fiber foods can help,&rdquo says Barnard. &ldquoThat means vegetables, fruits, beans, and whole grains. These foods typically cause weight loss, which takes the weight off your knees and hips.&rdquo The Arthritis Foundation&rsquos suggestions for a proper diet are simple: Strive for balance and eat plenty of vegetables, fruits, and grains take in only moderate amounts of sugar, salt, and alcohol and limit your consumption of fat and cholesterol. The foundation also advises taking a multivitamin and mineral supplement to get your daily requirements, especially of calcium.

Drink Lots Of Water

&ldquoHydration helps prevent arthritis,&rdquo says Michael Loes, MD. Your joints need lubrication to move smoothly, just like a well-oiled machine. Loes recommends drinking 9 to 12 eight-ounce glasses of water every day to prevent osteoarthritis pain. If you drink lots of coffee or other caffeinated beverages, which act as diuretics and flush water out of your body, down even more water. (Bored with plain water? Try one of these 25 sassy recipes.)

Exercise Aerobically

Whether it&rsquos walking, riding a stationary bike, or swimming, daily aerobic exercise can help reduce stiffness and pain, preserving or improving the health of your bones and joints. If you&rsquore just getting started, Barnard recommends a 30-minute walk 3 times a week.

Work In Some Resistance Training

Just as aerobic exercise is important, a weekly weight-training regimen is key to building strength in your muscles, bones, and joints. If your muscles aren&rsquot strong, joints tend to slip out of alignment, causing more pain for you. If you have osteoarthritis, talk to a physical therapist before beginning a weight-training regimen. (Over 50? These are the 10 best strength-training moves for you.)


The third critical aspect of your workout routine is stretching. It&rsquos important for maintaining the strength and agility of your joints. &ldquoStretching may not prevent the arthritis, but it will likely help to reduce its impact on your function by keeping you looser and less subject to muscle spasm,&rdquo says Theodore R. Fields, MD. Start with gentle exercises. These include simply rotating your arms, legs, and trunk slowly in as full a range of motion as possible without pain. Loes recommends a Thera-Band stretcher, a small piece of elastic band that offers resistance as you stretch various body parts. Similar products are available online and in sporting goods stores.

Start Slowly And Gently

Overexertion can make osteoarthritis pain worse. &ldquoIf your exercise causes pain that lasts for more than a half hour after you are finished, you probably did too much. Cut back, then work up to an increased amount,&rdquo says Loes. If you&rsquore unsure of your limitations, rely on the trusted guidance of your doctor, who can diagnose your physical limitations, and your physical therapist, who can create a special routine to keep you sufficiently challenged within those limits.

Exercise After A Hot Shower

The hot water loosens you up, says Fields, so you&rsquore less likely to experience pain while or after exercising.

Buy Good Shoes

Walking is a great aerobic exercise to reduce your arthritis pain. If you make walking a routine, Loes recommends investing in a good pair of walking shoes. Look for lightweight shoes made of breathable material, comfortable at the ball of your foot, and that have good arch support and a padded heel. (Here's our picks for the best sneakers.)

Exercise On A Soft, Flat Surface

A surface that gives under each step minimizes jarring to your joints and hurtful steps that could irritate your arthritis. A smooth, grassy field or a vulcanized rubber running track, like the one at your local high school, are excellent choices.

Make Friends With Water

&ldquoIn retirement communities, it&rsquos not the golfers who are the healthiest,&rdquo says Loes, &ldquoit&rsquos the swimmers.&rdquo Our experts agree that swimming is the top low-impact, aerobic exercises for arthritis. Loes recommends the backstroke and sidestroke to condition the paraspinal muscles, those tiny nerve-rich muscles surrounding the spine. Strengthening these muscles will help ease back pain and improve mobility. Water aerobics is also a good choice to relieve and reduce arthritis pain.

Be Careful About Running

The good news is that studies show running doesn&rsquot cause osteoarthritis, says Fields. The bad news is that, &ldquoin people predisposed to getting osteoarthritis, or in those with knees or ankles that are not well aligned, running can contribute to osteoarthritis,&rdquo he says. &ldquoIf a joint such as the knee is injured, then subsequent running, especially on a hard surface, can cause it to progress.&rdquo

Use Epsom Salts

Added to bathwater, these magnesium sulfate crystals provide extra-soothing comfort for arthritis pain because they help draw out carbon&mdashone of the waste products of your body&mdashthrough your skin.

Stand Up Straight

Bad posture puts a lot of pressure on your joints, causing wear and tear on your bones and cartilage&mdashjust as poor alignment in your car causes tires to wear unevenly. It also can cause a lot of extra pain for people with arthritis, says Alan Lichtbroun, MD. So stand up straight now it could save your knees and hips in the long run.

Get Hot Or Cold

If you feel arthritis pain flaring, Fields recommends heat or ice to quell the burning. Use ice for sudden flare-ups, chronic pain, or when your joints are inflamed. And reserve the heat treatment&mdashlike a hot bath, heating pad, or a hot pack wrapped in a towel&mdashfor when you feel sore and achy.

Rely On Acetaminophen

Safe and effective, acetaminophen taken on a daily basis is the standard recommendation for minor arthritis pain. &ldquoTylenol is the mainstay of operation,&rdquo says Justus Fiechtner, MD. &ldquoIt doesn&rsquot work for everybody, obviously, but it seems to work well if you don&rsquot take too much of it.&rdquo

&ldquoThe problem with taking many over-the-counter pain relievers every day is that they increase your risk of developing stomach ulcers,&rdquo says Fiechtner. He recommends acetaminophen because, unlike aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen (Aleve), which can all cause ulcers, acetaminophen is not associated with stomach problems.

Experiment With Glucosamine And Chondroitin Sulfate

You often see the medical community turn a skeptical eye when it comes to supplements. But glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate have worked so well in the treatment of arthritis time and again that critics have now accepted them as a pain treatment for arthritis. &ldquoThere are enough positive studies and evidence for the safety of glucosamine and chondroitin that someone with osteoarthritis should give it a try,&rdquo says Fields. For those who want to test out glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, Fields recommends the dosage in the guidelines of the National Institutes of Health: 500 milligrams of glucosamine and 400 milligrams of chondroitin sulfate tablets three times daily for 2 months, and then twice daily after that. &ldquoAfter 3 months, this supplement can be stopped if no benefit is seen,&rdquo says Fields.

Love Your Joints With Ginger

Some studies indicate that this amazing root blocks inflammation as well as anti-inflammatory drugs do (and without side effects). Steep a few slivers of fresh ginger in a tea ball in 1 cup of freshly boiled water for 10 minutes. Let it cool to sipping temperature and drink up.

Take A Daily Supplement

Try a daily dose of vitamin C to preserve the health of your collagen and connective tissue. Take at least 100 milligrams a day.

Add In Vitamin E

Though vitamin E has gotten some bad press lately, Barnard stands behind it as a good treatment for alleviating osteoarthritis pain. &ldquoA typical dosage regimen is 200 IU each day, or 100 IU if you have high blood pressure,&rdquo he says.

Mix In Magnesium

In addition to these other nutrients, Loes recommends 60 milligrams of magnesium a day. &ldquoAside from just helping bones, magnesium helps to ward off cramps and improves sleep,&rdquo he says.

Don't Forget Vitamin D

A deficiency of vitamin D was once thought to lead directly to osteoarthritis. While additional studies have not shown this to be the case, the vitamin is still critical for preserving overall muscle strength, which is why Fields recommends 800 IU daily.

Add Omega-3s To Your Regime

The anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 fatty acids seem to play a role in reducing arthritis pain, explains Barnard. Add flaxseeds or flax oil to your diet. Try to get 2 teaspoons every day for a healthy dose of omega-3s.

Mix Them With Omega-6s

&ldquoThe most recent research seems to indicate that combining omega-3s with an omega-6 fat like borage oil, black currant oil, or evening primrose oil makes it even more effective,&rdquo says Barnard. Try to get 1.4 grams of gamma linolenic acid (GLA), the most helpful omega-6.

Find A Capsaicin Cream

Capsaicin, the active constituent of hot peppers, is available over the counter in a topical cream. (The most commonly available brand is Zostrix.) Smearing capsaicin cream over your joints inhibits your nerve cells&rsquo ability to transmit pain impulses, effectively wiping out arthritis pain. You can find capsaicin cream over the counter at drugstores.

When To See A Doctor

If arthritis pain is persistent or if you have 5 to 10 minutes or more of significant morning stiffness, see your doctor, advises Fields. Also see your doctor if you have loss of motion or swelling in a joint or if the pain stops you from doing activities you find important. Talk to your doctor if acetaminophen or another over-the-counter pain reliever doesn&rsquot help with the pain, says Fiechtner.

Panel Of Advisors

Neal Barnard, MD, is the president of the Physician's Committee for Responsible Medicine in Washington, D.C., and author of Foods That Fight Pain.

Justus Fiechtner, MD, is a clinical professor of osteopathic manipulative medicine at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine in East Lansing.

Theodore R. Fields, MD, is a rheumatologist at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, an associate professor of clinical medicine at the Weill College of Medicine of Cornell University, and clinical director of the H.S.S. Gosden Robinson Early Arthritis Center.

Alan Lichtbroun, MD, specializes in rheumatology and connective tissue research at the Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital in East Brunswick, New Jersey.

Michael Loes, MD, is director of the Arizona Pain Institute in Phoenix and author of The Healing Response.

Kevin Stone, MD, is an orthopedic surgeon at the Stone Clinic in San Francisco.

STEP 1: Clear off the deck and spray it down with a garden hose.

Clear the deck of whatever furniture, grill, gardening containers, and other miscellaneous outdoor equipment you can easily stash elsewhere. Spray the deck amply with plain water from your garden hose to loosen and soften mud and debris, making it easier to remove.

Examples of Store-Bought Breads To Stay Away From:

Please note: Nature’s Own Bread recently took out azodicarbonamide, but is still not recommended. The picture of ingredients was removed after this news release in WSJ on 2/28/2014.

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